The manga artist and anime creator Osamu Tezuka is regarded amongst anime fans as being one of the most influential creators who has ever lived in the anime and manga industry. There is speculation among fans that Disney plagiarized, or drew heavily from Tezuka’s work, Kimba the White Lion, without giving proper credit to Tezuka for their 1994 movie, The Lion King. After watching both The Lion King, and seeing screenshots taken from Kimba the White Lion, I support the speculation.
Osamu Tezuka was born on November 3, 1928. He was born in Toyonaka City, Osaka, and was the first born son of three children. In 1950, Tezuka met with Kato Kenichi. According to TezukaOsamu.net, this led to Tezuka publishing his series, Jungle Emperor Leo, in Manga Shonen, which was a manga magazine. On October 6, 1965, the first episode of Jungle Emperor Leo was broadcasted. In 1965, Jungle Emperor Leo began broadcasting in the United States and became renamed, Kimba the White Lion.
The Disney movie, The Lion King, was released in 1994.The movie grossed $42 million in its first weekend at theaters. Prior to its theatrical release in July 1994, many Japanese were made aware of The Lion King due to Disney’s marketing strategy, which allowed the use of the characters from the movie without royalty payments.” This means that businesses could use different characters from The Lion King as they wished, without having to pay for the rights to use any images.
On July 11, an article in the San Francisco Chronicle, pointed out close resemblances between The Lion King and Kimba the White Lion. In August 1994, Machiko Satonaka, a Japanese comic artist, wrote an essay about her activities to protest The Lion King and her intention send a letter to the Walt Disney Company. The letter would include a petition signed by 488 Japanese, 82 of which were comic artists.
The storylines for The Lion King and Kimba the White Lion are somewhat similar in a few aspects, however the general plot of each media is different. The Lion King is about a lion named Simba, who after his father’s death, leaves his pride (a lion’s family), and then returns to confront his father’s killer, Simba’s uncle Scar. Kimba the White Lion is about a lion cub, named Kimba, whose father dies. Kimba is then taken in by a Japanese family. He then returns to his home in the jungle. Both media feature a lion cub whose father has died, then the lion cub leaves their home, and returns.
Also, after watching The Lion King and multiple episodes of Kimba the White Lion I can see many similarities between the series. Both series feature a baboon as a wise character that mentors the main lion character, Rafiki in The Lion King, and Buzara in Kimba the White Lion. There are also hyenas in both media that represent evil. Both even feature an evil lion, with a scar, that wish to take control of the jungle. As seen in the pictures below of the two evil lions, Bubu (Kimba the White Lion) on the left (the image size has been increased) (Bubu image), and Scar (The Lion King) on the right (Scar Image), the characters have very similar character designs
As you can notice, both evil lion characters are brown, with a dark colored mane. Both characters also have a scar on his left eye. The similarities between character designs, and even scenes in the movie do not stop there. Below are images of the main characters of the two series: Kimba (Kimba the White Lion) on the left, and Simba (The Lion King), on the right,in two eerily similar scenes.
Although the two characters do not look similar (the only similarities I find are the names, Kimba and Simba, only have one letter difference, and the situation of a lion cub losing its father), the scene shown in the pictures are. In both media, the lion turns to eating bugs instead of his normal diet of meat. At first he finds it strange, and a little disgusting, but learns to enjoy it. The last set of pictures shows two of the most iconic scene from The Lion King and its Kimba the White Lion counterpart. The scene being one depicting the main character dangling perilously from a cliff while the evil lion looks down on them from on top of the cliff.
Both scenes in both media are incredibly similar. Kimba/Simba is dangling from a cliff, and if he falls, he will seemingly meet his death. Also in both, it shows a villainous character (the main villain in The Lion King, and a secondary villain in Kimba the White Lion), looking at the main character with an evil expression.
There are far too many similarities between Kimba, the White Lion and The Lion King for it to be a coincidence that Disney made an animated film that just happened to be very similar to an already existing piece of work. One could argue that Disney® did not plagiarize, as The Lion King also contains elements from other works as well such as Shakespeare’s Hamlet, in which a king is killed by his brother who takes the throne and the king’s son sees his father’s ghost and then kills his father’s murderer. This would mean the Disney did not plagiarize from Tezuka, per se, however it would still mean that Disney drew very heavily from Tezuka’s work without giving credit.
Zach is an avid anime watcher and gamer.